Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Wetting and interface integrity of Sn-Ag-Bi solder/Fe-42%Ni alloy system
- Author(s): Hwang, C.-W.
- Suganuma, K.
- Saiz, E.
- Tomsia, A.P.
- et al.
The wetting and interfacial integrity of lead-free Sn-Ag and Sn-Ag-Bi solders with 42 alloy (Fe-42wt% Ni) were investigated. A tin-iron intermetallic layer formed at the interface and, during cooling, Ni3Sn4 platelets precipitated in the solder. After bonding, the Sn-3Ag joints have a eutectic microstructure, with a fine network of Ag3Sn particles surrounding large primary -Sn grains. Bismuth addition to Sn-3Ag improved wettability, but decreased the joint strength, owing to Bi segregation to the interface.