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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Wetting and interface integrity of Sn-Ag-Bi solder/Fe-42%Ni alloy system


The wetting and interfacial integrity of lead-free Sn-Ag and Sn-Ag-Bi solders with 42 alloy (Fe-42wt% Ni) were investigated. A tin-iron intermetallic layer formed at the interface and, during cooling, Ni3Sn4 platelets precipitated in the solder. After bonding, the Sn-3Ag joints have a eutectic microstructure, with a fine network of Ag3Sn particles surrounding large primary -Sn grains. Bismuth addition to Sn-3Ag improved wettability, but decreased the joint strength, owing to Bi segregation to the interface.

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