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Chlorhexidine-based decolonization to reduce healthcare-associated infections and multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs): who, what, where, when, and why?

Abstract

Body surface decolonization with chlorhexidine bathing and nasal mupirocin has become a simple solution for prevention of healthcare-associated infections. The clinical trial evidence for this practice will be reviewed to understand who benefits from this practice, for what reasons, and at what times. The method of bathing and nasal decolonization will also be discussed as proper application is needed for maximal effectiveness. Finally, the conflict between current effectiveness and future potential for fueling resistance is considered.

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