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Uniform in time error estimates for a finite element method applied to a downscaling data assimilation algorithm for the navier-stokes equations


In this paper we analyze a finite element method applied to a continuous downscaling data assimilation algorithm for the numerical approximation of the two- and three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations corresponding to given measurements on a coarse spatial scale. For representing the coarse mesh measurements we consider different types of interpolation operators including a Lagrange interpolant. We obtain uniform-in-time estimates for the error between a finite element approximation and the reference solution corresponding to the coarse mesh measurements. We consider both the case of a plain Galerkin method and a Galerkin method with grad-div stabilization. For the stabilized method we prove error bounds in which the constants do not depend on inverse powers of the viscosity. Some numerical experiments illustrate the theoretical results.

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