Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC San Diego

UC San Diego Previously Published Works bannerUC San Diego

Central Visual Field Defects in Patients with Distinct Glaucomatous Optic Disc Phenotypes.

  • Author(s): Ekici, Eren;
  • Moghimi, Sasan;
  • Hou, Huiyuan;
  • Proudfoot, James;
  • Zangwill, Linda M;
  • Do, Jiun L;
  • Oh, Won Hyuk;
  • Kamalipour, Alireza;
  • Liebmann, Jeffrey M;
  • De Moraes, Carlos Gustavo;
  • Girkin, Christopher A;
  • El-Nimri, Nevin;
  • Weinreb, Robert N
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7979468/
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Purpose

To investigate central visual field (VF) defects among 4 phenotypes of glaucomatous optic discs.

Design

Cross-sectional study.

Methods

Optic disc phenotypes were determined in eyes with definite or suspected glaucoma that had a 24-2 VF with mean deviation (MD) better than -12 dB and a 10-2 VF. 10-2 VFs were classified as abnormal based on a cluster criterion. Additionally, the average of the total deviation values at each 10-2 test point was compared by optic disc phenotype.

Results

The following 4 glaucomatous optic disc phenotypes were identified in 448 eyes of 309 patients: focal ischemic (FI) (n = 121); generalized cup enlargement (GE) (n = 109); myopic glaucoma (MY) (n = 66); and senile sclerotic (SS) (n = 152). Although 24-2 VF MD values were similar among optic disc phenotypes, GE eyes had higher 10-2 VF MD (P = .004), as well as lower 24-2 VF pattern standard deviations (PSD) (P < .001) and VF 10-2 PSD (P < .001) than the other phenotypes. The prevalence of an abnormal VF 10-2 was highest in FI eyes (78.5%) and lowest in GE eyes (50.5%) (P < .001). In glaucoma suspects, the prevalence of an abnormal 10-2 VF was highest in the MY eyes (31.2%) and FI eyes (23.5%) and lowest in GE eyes (8.6%). In mild glaucoma, the prevalence of abnormal 10-2 VF test results was highest in FI eyes (79.2%) and lowest in GE eyes (44.4%) (P = .013).

Conclusions

The severity and prevalence of central VF loss varied among different glaucomatous optic disc phenotypes. Glaucomatous eyes with FI and MY optic disc phenotypes are more likely to have 10-2 VF loss, particularly in early disease, and especially may benefit from testing with both 10-2 and 24-2 VF tests.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Item not freely available? Link broken?
Report a problem accessing this item