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Fatty-acid binding protein 5 modulates the SAR1 GTPase cycle and enhances budding of large COPII cargoes.


COPII-coated vesicles are the primary mediators of ER-to-Golgi trafficking. Sar1, one of the five core COPII components, is a highly conserved small GTPase, which, upon GTP binding, recruits the other COPII proteins to the ER membrane. It has been hypothesized that the changes in the kinetics of SAR1 GTPase may allow for the secretion of large cargoes. Here we developed a cell-free assay to recapitulate COPII-dependent budding of large lipoprotein cargoes from the ER. We identified fatty-acid binding protein 5 (FABP5) as an enhancer of this budding process. We found that FABP5 promotes the budding of particles ∼150 nm in diameter and modulates the kinetics of the SAR1 GTPase cycle. We further found that FABP5 enhances the trafficking of lipoproteins and of other cargoes, including collagen. These data identify a novel regulator of SAR1 GTPase activity and highlight the importance of this activity for trafficking of large cargoes.

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