Frequency-domain green's function for a planar periodic semi-infinite phased array-part II: Diffracted wave phenomenology
- Author(s): Capolino, F
- Albani, M
- Maci, S
- Felsen, LB
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1109/8.827388
This second part of a two-paper sequence deals with the physical interpretation of the rigorously derived high-frequency asymptotic wave-field solution in Part I, pertaining to a semi-infinite phased array of parallel dipole radiators. The asymptotic solution contains two parts that represent contributions due to truncated Floquet waves (FW's) and to the corresponding edge diffractions, respectively. The phenomenology of the FW-excited diffracted fields is discussed in detail. All possible combinations of propagating (radiating) and evanescent (nonradiating) FW and diffracted contributions are considered. The format is a generalization of the conventional geometrical theory of diffraction (GTD) for smooth truncated aperture distributions to the truncated periodicity-induced FW distributions with their corresponding FW-modulated edge diffractions. Ray paths for propagating diffracted waves are defined according to a generalized Fermât principle, which is also valid by analytic continuation for evanescent diffracted ray fields. The mechanism of uniform compensation for the FW-field discontinuities (across their truncation shadow boundaries) by the diffracted waves is explored for propagating and evanescent FW's, including the cutoff transition from the propagating to the evanescent regime for both the FW and diffracted constituents. Illustrative examples demonstrate: 1) the accuracy and efficiency of the high-frequency algorithm under conditions that involve the various wave processes outlined above and 2) the cogent interpretation of the results in terms of the uniform FW-modulated GTD. ©2000 IEEE.