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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Surface Modification of Water Purification Membranes.

  • Author(s): Miller, Daniel J;
  • Dreyer, Daniel R;
  • Bielawski, Christopher W;
  • Paul, Donald R;
  • Freeman, Benny D
  • et al.

Polymeric membranes are an energy-efficient means of purifying water, but they suffer from fouling during filtration. Modification of the membrane surface is one route to mitigating membrane fouling, as it helps to maintain high levels of water productivity. Here, a series of common techniques for modification of the membrane surface are reviewed, including surface coating, grafting, and various treatment techniques such as chemical treatment, UV irradiation, and plasma treatment. Historical background on membrane development and surface modification is also provided. Finally, polydopamine, an emerging material that can be easily deposited onto a wide variety of substrates, is discussed within the context of membrane modification. A brief summary of the chemistry of polydopamine, particularly as it may pertain to membrane development, is also described.

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