Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Suppression of MMP-9 by doxycycline in brain arteriovenous malformations.

  • Author(s): Hashimoto, Tomoki
  • Matsumoto, Melissa M
  • Li, Jenny F
  • Lawton, Michael T
  • Young, William L
  • et al.
Abstract

BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of utilizing doxycycline to suppress matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in brain arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). METHODS: Ex-vivo treatment of AVM tissues: Intact AVM tissues were treated with doxycycline for 48 hours. Active and total MMP-9 in the medium were measured. Pilot trial: AVM patients received either doxycycline (100 mg) or placebo twice a day for one week prior to AVM resection. Active and total MMP-9 in BVM tissues were measured. RESULTS: Ex-vivo treatment of AVM tissues: Doxycycline at 10 and 100 microg/ml significantly decreased MMP-9 levels in AVM tissues ex-vivo (total: control vs 10 vs 100 microg/ml = 100 +/- 6 vs 60 +/- 16 vs 61 +/- 9%; active: 100 +/- 8 vs 48 +/- 16 vs 59 +/- 10%). Pilot trial: 10 patients received doxycycline, and 4 patients received placebo. There was a trend for both MMP-9 levels to be lower in the doxycycline group than in the placebo group (total: 2.18 +/- 1.94 vs 3.26 +/- 3.58, P = .50; active: 0.48 +/- 0.48 vs 0.95 +/- 1.01 ng/100 microg protein, P = .25). CONCLUSIONS: A clinically relevant concentration of doxycycline decreased MMP-9 in ex-vivo AVM tissues. Furthermore, there was a trend that oral doxycycline for as short as one week resulted in a decrease in MMP-9 in AVM tissues. Further studies are warranted to justify a clinical trial to test effects of doxycycline on MMP-9 expression in AVM tissues.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC Academic Senate's Open Access Policy. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View