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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Thickness dependence of exchange coupling in (111)-oriented perovskite oxide superlattices

  • Author(s): Jia, Y
  • Chopdekar, RV
  • Arenholz, E
  • Liu, Z
  • Biegalski, MD
  • Porter, ZD
  • Mehta, A
  • Takamura, Y
  • et al.

© 2016 American Physical Society. Epitaxial La0.7Sr0.3MnO3(LSMO)/La0.7Sr0.3FeO3 (LSFO) superlattices on (111)-oriented SrTiO3 substrates with sublayer thicknesses ranging from 3 to 60 unit cells (u.c.) were synthesized and characterized. Detailed analysis of their structural, electronic, and magnetic properties were performed to explore the effect of sublayer thickness on the magnetic structure and exchange coupling at (111)-oriented perovskite oxide interfaces. In the ultrathin limit (3-6 u.c.), we find that the antiferromagnetic (AF) properties of the LSFO sublayers are preserved with an out-of-plane canting of the AF spin axis, while the ferromagnetic (FM) properties of the LSMO sublayers are significantly depressed. For thicker LSFO layers (>9 u.c.), the out-of-plane canting of the AF spin axis is only present in superlattices with thick LSMO sublayers. As a result, exchange coupling in the form of spin-flop coupling exists only in superlattices which display both robust ferromagnetism and out-of-plane canting of the AF spin axis.

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