Coherent imaging spectroscopy of a quantum many-body spin system
- Author(s): Senko, C
- Smith, J
- Richerme, P
- Lee, A
- Campbell, WC
- Monroe, C
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1126/science.1251422
Quantum simulators, in which well-controlled quantum systems are used to reproduce the dynamics of less understood ones, have the potential to explore physics inaccessible to modeling with classical computers. However, checking the results of such simulations also becomes classically intractable as system sizes increase. Here, we introduce and implement a coherent imaging spectroscopic technique, akin to magnetic resonance imaging, to validate a quantum simulation.We use this method to determine the energy levels and interaction strengths of a fully connected quantum many-body system. Additionally, we directly measure the critical energy gap near a quantum phase transition. We expect this general technique to become a verification tool for quantum simulators once experiments advance beyond proof-of-principle demonstrations and exceed the resources of conventional computers.
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