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Exposure to secondhand smoke outside of a bar and a restaurant and tobacco exposure biomarkers in nonsmokers

  • Author(s): Balmes, John;
  • St, G;
  • Thomas, J;
  • Hall, DB;
  • Sosnoff, CS;
  • Xia, Y;
  • Balmes, JR;
  • Vena, JE;
  • Wang, JS;
  • Holland, NT;
  • Naeher, LP
  • et al.

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Background: With an increase in indoor smoking bans, many smokers smoke outside establishments and near their entrances, which has become a public health concern. Objectives: We characterized the exposure of nonsmokers to secondhand smoke (SHS) outside a r

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