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Open Access Publications from the University of California

The Soret Effect in Naturally Propagating, Premixed, Lean, Hydrogen-Air Flames

  • Author(s): Grcar, Joseph F
  • et al.

Comparatively little attention has been given to multicomponent diffusion effects in lean hydrogen-air flames, in spite of the importance of these flames in safety and their potential importance to future energy technologies. Prior direct numerical simulations either have considered only the mixture-averaged transport model, or have been limited to stabilized flames that do not exhibit the thermo-diffusive instability. The so-called full, multicomponent transport model with cross-diffusion is found to predict hotter, significantly faster flames with much faster extinction and division of cellular structures.

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