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Finite element response sensitivity analysis of steel-concrete composite beams with deformable shear connection

  • Author(s): Zona, Alessandro
  • Barbato, Michele
  • Conte, Joel P
  • et al.
Abstract

The behavior of steel-concrete composite beams is strongly influenced by the type of shear connection between the steel beam and the concrete slab. For accurate analytical predictions, the structural model must account for the interlayer slip between these two components. In numerous engineering applications (e.g., in the fields of structural optimization, structural reliability analysis and finite element model updating), accurate response sensitivity calculations are needed as much as the corresponding response simulation results. This paper focuses on a procedure for response sensitivity analysis of steel-concrete composite structures using displacement-based locking-free frame elements including deformable shear connection with fiber discretization of the cross-section. Realistic cyclic uniaxial constitutive laws are adopted for the steel and concrete materials as well as for the shear connection. The finite element response sensitivity analysis is performed according to the Direct Differentiation Method (DDM). The concrete and shear connection material models as well as the static condensation procedure at the element level are extended for response sensitivity computations. Two steel-concrete composite structures for which experimental test results are available in the literature are used as realistic testbeds for response and response sensitivity analysis. These benchmark structures consist of a non-symmetric, two-span continuous beam subjected to monotonic loading, and a frame sub-assemblage under cyclic loading. The new analytical derivations for response sensitivity calculations and their computer implementation are validated through Forward Finite Difference (FFD) analysis based on the two benchmark examples considered. Selected sensitivity analysis results are shown for validation purposes and for quantifying the effect and relative importance of the various material parameters in regards to the nonlinear monotonic and cyclic response of the testbed structures.

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