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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Berber Rule and Abbasid Legitimacy: The Almoravids (434/1042–530/1147)

  • Author(s): Gómez-Rivas, Camilo
  • Editor(s): Fierro, Maribel
  • et al.

The Almoravids (al-Murābiṭūn 434-530/1042-1147) were a Saharan Berber tribal federation who conquered the western Maghrib and most of al-Andalus in the second half of the fifth/eleventh century. They were the first indigenous group to unify this part of the Maghrib and the first Maghrib-based empire to conquer al-Andalus. They revolutionized the political structures of both regions through a novel combination of local elements with others adopted from the broader Islamic world. Their strategies for political legitimation, which included the concept of ʿAbbāsid investitutre, illustrate this novel combination.

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