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The Travel Behavior of Immigrants and Race/Ethnicity Groups: An Analysis of the 2001 National Household Transportation Survey

  • Author(s): Handy, Susan L
  • Tal, Gil
  • et al.
Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between travel behavior and immigrant status. The National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) allows us to explore the relationships between travel behavior and characteristics that are usually hard to discern in surveys with smaller samples. The place of birth and year of immigration to the US on travel behavior was tested for commute mode and for general travel variables such as yearly miles driven, number of weekly walk trips, and number of daily trips by all modes. Full models that include spatial and socio-demographic variables were estimated for each of the dependent variables. The effects of place of birth and year of arriving to the US were found to be significant in the full models that control for commute mode and yearly miles driven but not for weekly walk trips or number of daily trips. Understanding the differences in travel behavior and the possible explanations for these differences can help in modeling travel demand, finding policies best suited to meeting the travel needs of foreign born communities, and addressing environmental justice concerns.

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