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Draft genome sequences of Bradyrhizobium shewense sp. nov. ERR11Tand Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense CCBAU 10071T

  • Author(s): Aserse, AA
  • Woyke, T
  • Kyrpides, NC
  • Whitman, WB
  • Lindström, K
  • et al.

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© 2017 The Author(s). The type strain of the prospective Bradyrhizobium shewensesp. nov. ERR11T, was isolated from a nodule of the leguminous tree Erythrina bruceinative to Ethiopia. The type strain Bradyrhizobium yuanmingenseCCBAU 10071T, was isolated from the nodules of Lespedeza cuneatain Beijing, China. The genomes of ERR11Tand CCBAU 10071Twere sequenced by DOE-JGI and deposited at the DOE-JGI genome portal as well as at the European Nucleotide Archive. The genome of ERR11Tis 9,163,226 bp in length and has 102 scaffolds, containing 8548 protein-coding and 86 RNA genes. The CCBAU 10071Tgenome is arranged in 108 scaffolds and consists of 8,201,522 bp long and 7776 protein-coding and 85 RNA genes. Both genomes contain symbiotic genes, which are homologous to the genes found in the complete genome sequence of Bradyrhizobium diazoefficiensUSDA110T. The genes encoding for nodulation and nitrogen fixation in ERR11Tshowed high sequence similarity with homologous genes found in the draft genome of peanut-nodulating Bradyrhizobium arachidisLMG 26795T. The nodulation genes nolYA-nodD2D1YABCSUIJ-nolO-nodZ of ERR11Tand CCBAU 10071Tare organized in a similar way to the homologous genes identified in the genomes of USDA110T, Bradyrhizobium ottawaenseUSDA 4and Bradyrhizobium liaoningenseCCBAU 05525. The genomes harbor hupSLCFHK and hypBFDE genes that code the expression of hydrogenase, an enzyme that helps rhizobia to uptake hydrogen released by the N2-fixation process and genes encoding denitrification functions napEDABC and norCBQD for nitrate and nitric oxide reduction, respectively. The genome of ERR11Talso contains nosRZDFYLX genes encoding nitrous oxide reductase. Based on multilocus sequence analysis of housekeeping genes, the novel species, which contains eight strains formed a unique group close to the B. ottawaensebranch. Genome Average Nucleotide Identity (ANI) calculated between the genome sequences of ERR11Tand closely related sequences revealed that strains belonging to B. ottawaensebranch (USDA4and CCBAU15615 ), were the closest strains to the strain ERR11Twith 95.2% ANI. Type strain ERR11Tshowed the highest DDH predicted value with CCBAU15615(58.5%), followed by USDA 4(53.1%). Nevertheless, the ANI and DDH values obtained between ERR11Tand CCBAU 15615or USDA 4were below the cutoff values (ANI ≥ 96.5%; DDH ≥ 70%) for strains belonging to the same species, suggesting that ERR11Tis a new species. Therefore, based on the phylogenetic analysis, ANI and DDH values, we formally propose the creation of B. shewensesp. nov. with strain ERR11T(HAMBI 3532T=LMG 30162T) as the type strain.

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