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Toroidal rotation profile structure in KSTAR L-mode plasmas with mixed heating by NBI and ECH

  • Author(s): Shi, YJ
  • Ko, SH
  • Kwon, JM
  • Ko, WH
  • Diamond, PH
  • Yi, S
  • Ida, K
  • Lee, KD
  • Jeong, JH
  • Seo, SH
  • Hahn, SH
  • Yoon, SW
  • Bae, YS
  • Terzolo, L
  • Yun, GS
  • Bitter, M
  • Hill, K
  • et al.

The structure of the toroidal rotation profile with mixed heating by neutral beam injection (NBI) and electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECH) has been investigated in KSTAR L-mode plasmas. ECH with varying resonance layer positions was used for heating a mix control. The experimental results show that ECH causes a counter-current rotation increment both for off-axis and on-axis ECH heating. For L-mode plasmas, off-axis ECH produces larger counter-current rotation than on-axis ECH. Analysis of ion heat and momentum transport for the ECH L-mode plasmas shows that the electron temperature gradient is the main reason for the degradation of ion heat confinement and also the main driving force for the non-diffusive momentum flux. As a possible mechanism for the counter-current intrinsic torque with ECH, the transition of the turbulence mode from ion temperature gradient (ITG) to the trapped electron mode (TEM) with the resulting sign change of turbulence driven residual stress is suggested. A linear gyro-kinetic analysis shows the ITG → TEM transition occurs in a localized region during ECH injection, and the trend of TEM excitation is consistent with the observed macroscopic trend of the toroidal rotation.

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