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Modelling individual, parental and peer factors to glycaemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes: A prospective study.

  • Author(s): Lee, Shu-Li;
  • Tsai, Meng-Che;
  • Chang, Shu-Chen;
  • Chen, Jyu-Lin;
  • Wang, Ruey-Hsia
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jan.14317
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

Aim

To construct a model addressing the pathways from baseline diabetes distress, attribution of peer reactions, parenting style and 3-month self-management to 6-month glycated haemoglobin levels in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Design

A prospective design was adopted.

Methods

A total of 177 adolescents aged 10-19 with type 1 diabetes were enrolled from four hospitals in Taiwan. Diabetes distress, attribution of peer reactions and parenting style were collected at baseline, self-management was collected at the third month and glycated haemoglobin levels were collected at the sixth month. Data were collected from May 2015-June 2016.

Results

Baseline diabetes distress and 3-month self-management directly affected 6-month glycated haemoglobin levels. Baseline attribution of peer reactions directly affected baseline diabetes distress and 3-month self-management; also, it indirectly affected 6-month glycated haemoglobin levels through 3-month self-management. Baseline parenting style directly affected baseline diabetes distress, baseline attribution of peer reactions, 3-month self-management and 6-month glycated haemoglobin levels; it also indirectly affected 6-month glycated haemoglobin levels through baseline diabetes distress and 3-month self-management.

Conclusion

A model simultaneously incorporating individual, parental and peer factors to glycaemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes has been constructed. Improving diabetes distress and self-management should be essential strategies to improve glycaemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Encouraging adolescents with type 1 diabetes to communicate openly with peers about diabetes care and educating their parents to provide more responsive and autonomy-encouraging parenting style might be vital strategies to improve diabetes distress, 3-month self-management and glycaemic control.

Impact

Individual, parental and peer factors should be simultaneously considered to improve glycaemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Nurses should evaluate these factors to tailor interventions improving glycaemic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

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