Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UCLA

UCLA Previously Published Works bannerUCLA

Calcium release domains in mammalian skeletal muscle studied with two-photon imaging and spot detection techniques.

  • Author(s): Gómez, José;
  • Neco, Patricia;
  • DiFranco, Marino;
  • Vergara, Julio L
  • et al.
Abstract

The spatiotemporal characteristics of the Ca(2+) release process in mouse skeletal muscle were investigated in enzymatically dissociated fibers from flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) muscles, using a custom-made two-photon microscope with laser scanning imaging (TPLSM) and spot detection capabilities. A two-microelectrode configuration was used to electrically stimulate the muscle fibers, to record action potentials (APs), and to control their myoplasmic composition. We used 125 muM of the low-affinity Ca(2+) indicator Oregon green 488 BAPTA-5N (OGB-5N), and 5 or 10 mM of the Ca(2+) chelator EGTA (pCa 7) in order to arrest fiber contraction and to constrain changes in the [Ca(2+)] close to the release sites. Image and spot data showed that the resting distribution of OGB-5N fluorescence was homogeneous along the fiber, except for narrow peaks ( approximately 23% above the bulk fluorescence) centered at the Z-lines, as evidenced by their nonoverlapping localization with respect to di-8-ANEPPS staining of the transverse tubules (T-tubules). Using spot detection, localized Ca(2+) transients evoked by AP stimulation were recorded from adjacent longitudinal positions 100 nm apart. The largest and fastest DeltaF/F transients were detected at sites flanking the Z-lines and colocalized with T-tubules; the smallest and slowest were detected at the M-line, whereas transients at the Z-line showed intermediate features. Three-dimensional reconstructions demonstrate the creation of two AP-evoked Ca(2+) release domains per sarcomere, which flank the Z-line and colocalize with T-tubules. In the presence of 10 mM intracellular EGTA, these domains are formed in approximately 1.4 ms and dissipate within approximately 4 ms, after the peak of the AP. Their full-width at half-maximum (FWHM), measured at the time that Ca(2+) transients peaked at T-tubule locations, was 0.62 mum, similar to the 0.61 mum measured for di-8-ANEPPS profiles. Both these values exceed the limit of resolution of the optical system, but their similarity suggests that at high [EGTA] the Ca(2+) domains in adult mammalian muscle fibers are confined to Ca(2+) release sites located at the junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR).

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View