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Infantile hemangiomas of the head and neck.

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Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are benign vascular tumors. Clinical history and physical examination are the most important factors for diagnosis, with most IHs having a typical presentation. Treatment is required for some IHs that cause significant cosmetic deformity or functional compromise. Propranolol is the first-line treatment of most IHs. Ongoing research is increasing our understanding of the pathophysiology of these tumors and should help to identify future potential therapeutic targets.

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