Mass Spectrometry-based in vitro Assay to Identify Drugs that Influence Cystine Solubility.
- Author(s): Bose, Neelanjan
- Zee, Tiffany
- Kapahi, Pankaj
- Stoller, Marshall L
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.21769/bioprotoc.2417
Cystinuria is a rare genetic disorder characterized by recurrent, painful kidney stones, primarily composed of cystine, the dimer of the amino acid cysteine (Sumorok and Goldfarb, 2013). Using a mouse model of cystinuria, we have recently shown that administration of drugs that increase cystine solubility in the urine can be a novel therapeutic strategy for the clinical management of the disease (Zee et al., 2017). There is a large unmet need in the field for developing new drugs for cystinuria. To that end, here we describe a simple in vitro cystine solubility assay that is amenable for screening compounds to identify potential drugs that may influence cystine solubility. The assay includes preparing a supersaturated solution of cystine, incubating this solution with drug(s) of choice, and finally using high pressure liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) to quantify the amount of cystine precipitated under various conditions.