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Latent Class Analysis of Sexual Risk Patterns Among Esquineros (Street Corner Men) a Group of Heterosexually Identified, Socially Marginalized Men in Urban Coastal Peru


We explored patterns of sexual risk behavior among esquineros, heterosexually-identified, socially-marginalized Peruvian men using latent class analysis. We used data from the Peru site of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial which included n = 2,109 heterosexually-identified men. The latent class analysis used seven risk behaviors to group esquineros into risk classes. We identified four latent classes, of which two classes had lower probabilities and two classes had higher probabilities of these risk behaviors. Comparing the two lower risk classes to the two higher risk classes yielded significantly more unprotected sex acts (Chi square P value < 0.001). The risk behaviors in two of the latent classes identified were primarily related to alcohol and drug use. Future HIV/STI prevention interventions may benefit from this information by tailoring messages to fit the observed risk patterns and should focus on drug and alcohol use.

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