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Open Access Publications from the University of California

A Comparative Evaluation of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Strategies for the Maritime Shipping and Aviation Sectors


The transportation sector is one of the largest sectors contributing to Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, the gases which cause anthropogenic climate change. The aviation and maritime shipping sectors are growing segments of transportation GHG emissions, yet mitigation strategies have largely avoided these sectors. There is a need for clearly defined strategies which can reduce GHG emissions of maritime and aviation operations and for an understanding of the potential magnitude and barriers to reduction. This research presents a framework for GHG emission reduction strategies and evaluates their reduction potential for maritime and aviation operations.

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