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A Blocked Linear Method for Optimizing Large Parameter Sets in Variational Monte Carlo


We present a modification to variational Monte Carlo's linear method optimization scheme that addresses a critical memory bottleneck while maintaining compatibility with both the traditional ground state variational principle and our recently introduced variational principle for excited states. For wave function ansatzes with tens of thousands of variables, our modification reduces the required memory per parallel process from tens of gigabytes to hundreds of megabytes, making the methodology a much better fit for modern supercomputer architectures in which data communication and per-process memory consumption are primary concerns. We verify the efficacy of the new optimization scheme in small molecule tests involving both the Hilbert space Jastrow antisymmetric geminal power ansatz and real space multi-Slater Jastrow expansions. Satisfied with its performance, we have added the optimizer to the QMCPACK software package, with which we test a systematically convergent, nonperturbative approach to excitation energies on the example of a Mott-insulating hydrogen ring.

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