Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California


UCLA Previously Published Works bannerUCLA

Artificial Photosynthesis on TiO2‑Passivated InP Nanopillars


Here, we report photocatalytic CO2 reduction with water to produce methanol using TiO2-passivated InP nanopillar photocathodes under 532 nm wavelength illumination. In addition to providing a stable photocatalytic surface, the TiO2-passivation layer provides substantial enhancement in the photoconversion efficiency through the introduction of O vacancies associated with the nonstoichiometric growth of TiO2 by atomic layer deposition. Plane wave-density functional theory (PW-DFT) calculations confirm the role of oxygen vacancies in the TiO2 surface, which serve as catalytically active sites in the CO2 reduction process. PW-DFT shows that CO2 binds stably to these oxygen vacancies and CO2 gains an electron (-0.897e) spontaneously from the TiO2 support. This calculation indicates that the O vacancies provide active sites for CO2 absorption, and no overpotential is required to form the CO2(-) intermediate. The TiO2 film increases the Faraday efficiency of methanol production by 5.7× to 4.79% under an applied potential of -0.6 V vs NHE, which is 1.3 V below the E(o)(CO2/CO2(-)) = -1.9 eV standard redox potential. Copper nanoparticles deposited on the TiO2 act as a cocatalyst and further improve the selectivity and yield of methanol production by up to 8-fold with a Faraday efficiency of 8.7%.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View