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RARβ acts as both an upstream regulator and downstream effector of miR-22, which epigenetically regulates NUR77 to induce apoptosis of colon cancer cells.

  • Author(s): Hu, Ying
  • French, Samuel W
  • Chau, Thinh
  • Liu, Hui-Xin
  • Sheng, Lili
  • Wei, Fang
  • Stondell, Jesse
  • Garcia, Juan C
  • Du, Yanlei
  • Bowlus, Christopher L
  • Wan, Yu-Jui Yvonne
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6338632/
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

This study investigates the mechanism and consequences of microRNA-22 ( miR-22) induction. Our data revealed for the first time that retinoic acid (RA) and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, including short-chain fatty acids and suberanilohydroxamic acid (SAHA), could individually or in combination induce miR-22. This induction was mediated via RA receptor β (RARβ) binding to a direct repeat 5 (DR5) motif. In addition, we uncovered HDAC1 as a novel miR-22 target. In an miR-22-dependent manner, HDAC inhibitors and RA reduced HDAC1, HDAC4, and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), which were involved in chromatin remodeling of the RARβ and nerve growth factor IB ( NUR77). Thus, HDAC inhibitors and RA-induced miR-22 resulted in simultaneous induction of cytoplasmic RARβ and NUR77, leading to apoptosis of colon cancer cells. In mice, miR-22 and its inducers inhibited the growth of xenograft colon cancer. Moreover, tumor size reduction was accompanied by elevated miR-22, NUR77, and RARβ and by reduced HDACs. In human colon polyps and adenocarcinomas, miR-22 and RARβ were consistently reduced, which was associated with elevated HDAC1, HDAC4, and SIRT1 in colon adenocarcinomas. Results from this study revealed a novel anticancer mechanism of RARβ via miR-22 induction to epigenetically regulate itself and NUR77, providing a promising cancer treatment modality using miR-22 and its inducers.-Hu, Y., French, S. W., Chau, T., Liu, H.-X., Sheng, L., Wei, F., Stondell, J., Garcia, J. C., Du, Y., Bowlus, C. L., Wan, Y.-J. Y. RARβ acts as both an upstream regulator and downstream effector of miR-22, which epigenetically regulates NUR77 to induce apoptosis of colon cancer cells.

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