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Endovascular Embolization by Transcatheter Delivery of Particles: Past, Present, and Future.

  • Author(s): Sheth, Rahul A
  • Sabir, Sharjeel
  • Krishnamurthy, Savitri
  • Avery, Reginald K
  • Zhang, Yu Shrike
  • Khademhosseini, Ali
  • Oklu, Rahmi
  • et al.
Abstract

Minimally invasive techniques to occlude flow within blood vessels, initially pioneered in the 1970s with autologous materials and subsequently advanced with increasingly sophisticated engineered biomaterials, are routinely performed for a variety of medical conditions. Contemporary interventional radiologists have at their disposal a wide armamentarium of occlusive agents to treat a range of disease processes through a small incision in the skin. In this review, we provide a historical perspective on endovascular embolization tools, summarize the current state-of-the-art, and highlight burgeoning technologies that promise to advance the field in the near future.

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