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Cognitive impairment and mortality: a study of possible confounders.

  • Author(s): Liu, IY
  • LaCroix, AZ
  • White, LR
  • Kittner, SJ
  • Wolf, PA
  • et al.
Abstract

Baseline neuropsychological function was assessed in 2,123 Framingham Heart Study participants and was related to mortality over an 8- to 10-year follow-up period. During that time, 573 persons died. Using Cox proportional hazards models, the authors showed poor cognitive function to be consistently associated with an increased risk of death. This association persisted after adjustment for the confounding effects of age, education, and illness. Subjects scoring below the 26th percentile of performance were at increased risk of mortality compared with high scorers (the relative risk was 1.3 for the 11th percentile-25th percentile and 1.7 for the 1st percentile-10th percentile).

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