Computational studies of solid-state alkali conduction in rechargeable alkali-ion batteries
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1038/am.2016.7
The facile conduction of alkali ions in a crystal host is of crucial importance in rechargeable alkali-ion batteries, the dominant form of energy storage today. In this review, we provide a comprehensive survey of computational approaches to study solid-state alkali diffusion. We demonstrate how these methods have provided useful insights into the design of materials that form the main components of a rechargeable alkali-ion battery, namely the electrodes, superionic conductor solid electrolytes and interfaces. We will also provide a perspective on future challenges and directions. The scope of this review includes the monovalent lithium-and sodium-ion chemistries that are currently of the most commercial interest.