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Phenomenological consequences of an enhanced top-quark Yukawa coupling


In models with more than one Higgs doublet, the Yukawa couplings of the d-type (u-type) quarks are changed by a factor Ad (Au), which is often a ratio of vacuum expectation values. Abbott, Sikivie, and Wise showed that the KL-KS mass difference places stringent constraints on Au (Au10 for a charged-Higgs-boson mass of mW); however, this bound is very sensitive to the charged-Higgs-boson mass and to small Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing angles. We note that if the enhancement is greater than 4-5, then the top quark's Yukawa coupling will exceed its strong coupling, even if mt∼35 GeV. The effects of this enhancement on the e+e- cross section, on energy levels, leptonic widths, and decay rate of t-quarkonium, and on top-quark decays are discussed; the former two effects are sensitive to neutral-scalar masses only, the latter to the charged-Higgs-boson mass; all of the effects are insensitive to small mixing angles. We also note that the best limit on Ad comes from recent data on the semileptonic branching ratio of b quarks. © 1985 The American Physical Society.

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