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Single-phase mixing through a narrow gap


Mixing through narrow gaps connecting adjacent flow paths is an important mass and heat transfer process for many thermo-hydraulic applications. Such flows are considered balanced when the inlet flow speeds of adjacent subchannels are matched. In the present work, experimental observations are presented for balanced and unbalanced flows including the mixing coefficients and flow visualization within the gap. The large coherent structures are identified, with frequency in general agreement with those reported by previous investigators. To utilize Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) for the discrete data yielded by PIV, we employ method of Singular Value Decomposition (SVD). The bulk of the mixing is attributed to the dominant modes and demonstrate that mixing rates estimated from velocity measurements are in fair agreement with mixing coefficients based on tracer concentration measurements.

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