Cumulants and correlation functions versus the QCD phase diagram
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.95.054906
In this paper we discuss the relation of particle number cumulants and correlation functions. It is argued that measuring couplings of the genuine multiparticle correlation functions could provide cleaner information on possible nontrivial dynamics in heavy-ion collisions. We extract integrated multiproton correlation functions from the presently available experimental data on proton cumulants. We find that the STAR data contain significant four-proton correlations, at least at the lower energies, with indication of changing dynamics in central collisions. We also find that these correlations are rather long ranged in rapidity. Finally, using the Ising model, we demonstrate how the signs of the multiproton correlation functions may be used to exclude certain regions of the phase diagram close to the critical point.