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Assessment of Dosing and Patient Factors on the Efficacy of Warfarin Following Total Joint Replacement.

  • Author(s): Murphy, Ryan
  • Stehli, Annamarie
  • Nguyen, Hiep
  • Leu, Szu-Yun
  • Nguyen, Danh V
  • Schwarzkopf, Ran
  • et al.
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the percentage of patients discharged with a subtherapeutic INR <1.8 using our institutions inpatient warfarin dosing nomogram following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). We examined predisposing risk factors for a subtherapeutic discharge (INR <1.8), including increased body weight, age, gender, end stage renal disease (ESRD), smoking, and peri-operative transfusion. Chart review identified 249 patients for study inclusion. Logistic regression (LR) was used to identify associated risk factors for a subtherapeutic INR (<1.8) on day of discharge. The majority of patients (58.6%, 146 of 249) following TJA surgery were found to have a subtherapeutic INR level (INR<1.8) at discharge (mean length of stay 2.6 days). Multivariate LR analysis found that weight greater than 180 lbs. (OR 2.08, CI 1.09, 3.98, P=0.027) was found to increase the odds of a subtherapeutic INR on day of discharge. Our results were not significant for weight 20% beyond ideal body weight, age (>65y), gender, peri-operative transfusion, smoking, ESRD or autoimmune disease. A patient's body weight influences response to warfarin following TJA. An inpatient warfarin dosing nomogram that takes into account a patient's weight should be used to reduce the risk of subtherapeutic INR levels in obese TJA patients.

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