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Evaporated Sex Te1- x Thin Films with Tunable Bandgaps for Short-Wave Infrared Photodetectors.

  • Author(s): Tan, Chaoliang
  • Amani, Matin
  • Zhao, Chunsong
  • Hettick, Mark
  • Song, Xiaohui
  • Lien, Der-Hsien
  • Li, Hao
  • Yeh, Matthew
  • Shrestha, Vivek Raj
  • Crozier, Kenneth B
  • Scott, Mary C
  • Javey, Ali
  • et al.
Abstract

Semiconducting absorbers in high-performance short-wave infrared (SWIR) photodetectors and imaging sensor arrays are dominated by single-crystalline germanium and III-V semiconductors. However, these materials require complex growth and device fabrication procedures. Here, thermally evaporated Sex Te1- x alloy thin films with tunable bandgaps for the fabrication of high-performance SWIR photodetectors are reported. From absorption measurements, it is shown that the bandgaps of Sex Te1- x films can be tuned continuously from 0.31 eV (Te) to 1.87 eV (Se). Owing to their tunable bandgaps, the peak responsivity position and photoresponse edge of Sex Te1- x film-based photoconductors can be tuned in the SWIR regime. By using an optical cavity substrate consisting of Au/Al2 O3 to enhance its absorption near the bandgap edge, the Se0.32 Te0.68 film (an optical bandgap of ≈0.8 eV)-based photoconductor exhibits a cut-off wavelength at ≈1.7 μm and gives a responsivity of 1.5 AW-1 and implied detectivity of 6.5 × 1010 cm Hz1/2 W-1 at 1.55 μm at room temperature. Importantly, the nature of the thermal evaporation process enables the fabrication of Se0.32 Te0.68 -based 42 × 42 focal plane arrays with good pixel uniformity, demonstrating the potential of this unique material system used for infrared imaging sensor systems.

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