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Dermatology Online Journal

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Clinical recommendations to address dermatologic healthcare disparities in sexual and gender minority patients: a review


Background: In the United States, an estimated 4.5% of the population identifies as a sexual or gender minority (SGM). Efforts are underway to address this population's healthcare disparities. [A1] Objective: This review aims to highlight dermatologist's role in treating SGM patients, raise awareness about SGM-related stigma, and identify clinical interventions to improve SGM care. Methods: Articles were selected by review of literature from PubMed's database from 2000-2020. Results: The first intervention outlines methods to educate the healthcare team on the terminology used by the SGM community and how HIV epidemiology is a distinct topic through separate trainings. The second intervention emphasizes better communication with SGM patients in routine discussions, including the proper elicitation of a sexual history by avoiding heteronormative questioning. The last intervention discusses enhancing this population's clinical experience by updating clinical intake forms to include a fill-in-the-blank for patients' pronouns, refraining from gender-specific bathrooms, and advertising commitment to SGM care online. Conclusion: Our review article highlights a dermatologist's integral role in SGM care. The review emphasizes three distinct intervention areas that aim to destigmatize sexual/gender identity in the workplace, promote cultural humility, and improve the therapeutic alliance between SGM patients with dermatologists.

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