Comparative calcium binding of leucine-rich amelogenin peptide and full-length amelogenin.
- Author(s): Le, Thuan Q
- Gochin, Miriam
- Featherstone, John DB
- Li, Wu
- DenBesten, Pamela K
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0722.2006.00313.x/epdf
Leucine-rich amelogenin peptide (LRAP) is an alternately spliced amelogenin. LRAP is known to bind to hydroxyapatite, and has been shown to signal mesenchymal cells to proliferate, but its function in enamel formation is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the calcium-binding properties and structure of recombinant human LRAP (rLRAP) compared with full-length amelogenin (rH174). rLRAP and rH174 were synthesized in Escherichia coli and purified by affinity chromatography and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Calcium binding was measured by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) at pH 7.5 and 25 degrees C, and raw data were analyzed by origin 7.0 software. The structure of rLRAP was analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and circular dichroism (CD) in the absence or presence of Ca2+, pH 7.5 and 4.0, at 25 degrees C. Thermodynamic values showed that rLRAP had a Ca2+-binding affinity approximately 6.4-times greater than rH174. NMR and CD data revealed that rLRAP was randomly coiled, and that this structure was not altered by Ca2+, which bound to rLRAP and rH174 via ionic interactions. Unlike r174 (beta-spiral), rLRAP had a random-coiled structure. The calcium binding and structural differences between rLRAP and rH174 suggest that these proteins have different functions in enamel biomineralization.