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Open Access Publications from the University of California

A simple variant selection in stress-driven martensitic transformation.

  • Author(s): Yue, Binbin
  • Hong, Fang
  • Hirao, Naohisa
  • Vasin, Roman
  • Wenk, Hans-Rudolf
  • Chen, Bin
  • Mao, Ho-Kwang
  • et al.

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The study of orientation variant selection helps to reveal the mechanism and dynamic process of martensitic transformations driven by temperature or pressure/stress. This is challenging due to the multiple variants which may coexist. While effects of temperature and microstructure in many martensitic transformations have been studied in detail, effects of stress and pressure are much less understood. Here, an in situ variant selection study of Mn2O3 across the cubic-to-orthorhombic martensitic transformation explores orientation variants at pressures up to 51.5 GPa and stresses up to 5.5 GPa, using diamond anvil cells in radial geometry with synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The diamonds not only exert pressure but also impose stress and cause plastic deformation and texture development. The crystal orientation changes were followed in situ and a {110} c 〈001〉 c // (100) o 〈010〉 o relationship was observed. Only the {110} c plane perpendicular to the stress direction was selected to become (100) o , resulting in a very strong texture of the orthorhombic phase. Contrary to most other martensitic transformations, this study reveals a clear and simple variant selection that is attributed to structural distortions under pressure and stress.

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