Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California


UCLA Electronic Theses and Dissertations bannerUCLA

A Hybrid EM Algorithm for Linear Two-Way Interactions with Missing Data


We study an EM algorithm for estimating product-term regression models with missing data. The study of such problems in the likelihood tradition has thus far been restricted to an EM algorithm method using full numerical integration. However, under most missing data patterns, we show that this problem can be solved analytically, and numerical approximations are only needed under specific conditions. Thus we propose a hybrid EM algorithm, which uses analytic solutions when available and approximate solutions only when needed. The theoretical framework of our algorithm is described herein, along with two numerical experiments using both simulated and real data. We show that our algorithm confers higher accuracy to the estimation process, relative to the existing full numerical integration method. We conclude with a discussion of applications, extensions, and topics of further research.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View