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Steady-state ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI: early observations in benign abdominal organ masses and clinical implications.



The off-label use of ferumoxytol as a vascular MR imaging agent is growing rapidly. However, the properties of ferumoxytol suggest that it may play an important role in the detection and characterization of abdominal mass lesions.


Thirty-six patients with benign abdominal mass lesions who underwent MR angiography with ferumoxytol also had T2-weighted HASTE imaging and fat-suppressed 3D T1-weighted imaging. The T1 and T2 enhancement characteristics of the lesions were analyzed and correlated with other imaging modalities and/or surgical findings and/or clinical follow-up.


In all patients with benign masses in the liver (n = 22 patients), spleen (n = 6 patients), kidneys (n = 33 patients), adrenal (n = 2 patients) and pancreas (n = 4 patients), based on the enhancement characteristics with ferumoxytol, readers were confident of the benign nature of the lesions and their conclusions were consistent with correlative imaging, tissue sampling and follow-up. One patient with a suspicious enhancing 2F Bosniak renal cyst had renal cell carcinoma confirmed on biopsy.


Ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI can increase diagnostic confidence for benign abdominal masses and can increase the conspicuity of mass lesions, relative to unenhanced MRI.

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