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Steady-state ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI: early observations in benign abdominal organ masses and clinical implications.

Abstract

Introduction

The off-label use of ferumoxytol as a vascular MR imaging agent is growing rapidly. However, the properties of ferumoxytol suggest that it may play an important role in the detection and characterization of abdominal mass lesions.

Methods

Thirty-six patients with benign abdominal mass lesions who underwent MR angiography with ferumoxytol also had T2-weighted HASTE imaging and fat-suppressed 3D T1-weighted imaging. The T1 and T2 enhancement characteristics of the lesions were analyzed and correlated with other imaging modalities and/or surgical findings and/or clinical follow-up.

Results

In all patients with benign masses in the liver (n = 22 patients), spleen (n = 6 patients), kidneys (n = 33 patients), adrenal (n = 2 patients) and pancreas (n = 4 patients), based on the enhancement characteristics with ferumoxytol, readers were confident of the benign nature of the lesions and their conclusions were consistent with correlative imaging, tissue sampling and follow-up. One patient with a suspicious enhancing 2F Bosniak renal cyst had renal cell carcinoma confirmed on biopsy.

Conclusion

Ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI can increase diagnostic confidence for benign abdominal masses and can increase the conspicuity of mass lesions, relative to unenhanced MRI.

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