MICROWAVE-RADIATION BY A RELATIVISTIC ELECTRON-BEAM PROPAGATION THROUGH LOW-PRESSURE AIR
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1063/1.865157
Intense relativistic electron beams fired into air at varying pressures display a wide range of microwave signatures. These experiments held beam current, energy, and pulse length constant while varying gas pressure. Our observing window is 10 to 40 GHz. At low pressures ( less than 10m Torr) exponential spectra result, consistent with beam reflexing or virtual cathode oscillations. Above 20 m Torr the spectrum flattens and suggests collective emission at the beam-generated plasma frequencies. Power falls linearly with pressure above 20 m Torr, until electron-Neutral collisions damp the emission at a few Torr. However, weak 10 GHz emission appears at full atmospheric pressure.