Dissipative selection of low-frequency modes in a reduced-gravity basin
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2001)031<0127:DSOLFM>2.0.CO;2
The spectrum of linear free modes of a reduced-gravity ocean in a closed basin with weak dissipation is examined. The constraint of total mass conservation, which in the quasigeostrophic formulation determines the pressure on the boundary as a function of time, allows the existence of selected large-scale, low-frequency basin modes that are very weakly damped in the presence of dissipation. These weakly damped modes can be quasi-resonantly excited by time-dependent forcing near the eigenperiods, or during the process of adjustment to Sverdrup balance with a steady wind from arbitrary initial conditions. In both cases the frequency of the oscillations is a multiple of 2π/to, where tois the long Rossby wave transit time, which is of the order of decades for midlatitude, large-scale basins. These oscillatory modes are missed when the global mass conservation constraint is overlooked.