The SST Multi-G-Sample/s Switched Capacitor Array Waveform Recorder with Flexible Trigger and Picosecond-Level Timing Accuracy
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The SST Multi-G-Sample/s Switched Capacitor Array Waveform Recorder with Flexible Trigger and Picosecond-Level Timing Accuracy

  • Author(s): Kleinfelder, SA
  • Chiem, E
  • Prakash, T
  • et al.
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License
Abstract

The design and performance of a multi-G-sample/s fully-synchronous analog transient waveform recorder I.C. ("SST") with fast and flexible trigger capabilities is presented. Containing 4 channels of 256 samples per channel and fabricated in a 0.25 {\mu}m CMOS process, it has a 1.9V input range on a 2.5V supply, achieves 12 bits of dynamic range, and uses ~160 mW while operating at 2 G-samples/s and full trigger speeds. With a standard 50 Ohm input source, the SST's analog input bandwidth is ~1.3 GHz within about +/-0.5 dB and reaches a -3 dB bandwidth of 1.5 GHz. The SST's internal sample clocks are generated synchronously via a shift register driven by an external LVDS oscillator, interleaved to double its speed (e.g., a 1 GHz clock yields 2 G-samples/s). It can operate over 6 orders of magnitude in sample rates (2 kHz to 2 GHz). Only three active control lines are necessary for operation: Reset, Start/Stop and Read-Clock. Each of the four channels integrates dual-threshold discrimination of signals with ~1 mV RMS resolution at >600 MHz bandwidth. Comparator results are directly available for simple threshold monitoring and rate control. The High and Low discrimination can also be AND'd over an adjustable window of time in order to exclusively trigger on bipolar impulsive signals. Trigger outputs can be CMOS or low-voltage differential signals, e.g. 1.2V CMOS or positive-ECL (0-0.8V) for low noise. After calibration, the imprecision of timing differences between channels falls in a range of 1.12-2.37 ps sigma at 2 G-samples/s.

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