The Synthesis of Lithium-Ion Micro-Batteries and an Industrial Market Analysis of Low Voltage Battery Systems
Improved electrochemical devices are needed to satisfy the growing demand for more sustainable and efficient energy sources for various industrial electronic products. Lithium-ion batteries are one of the top candidates, but this technology faces many challenges to meet specific engineering requirements for consumer devices. Chapter I describes the synthesis of lithium-ion micro-batteries via lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition (LPNE), which would allow future studies to fundamentally characterize electrochemical reactions at the electrode surface level while charging and discharging via in-situ atomic force microscopy (AFM). Chapter II critically assesses the potential of lithium-ion batteries to replace lead acid batteries in vehicular low voltage systems, which an emphasis on the key material characteristics of both platforms, including self-discharging and power performance at low temperature. A cost analysis of each system is also described.