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Observation of Magnon Polarons in a Uniaxial Antiferromagnetic Insulator


Magnon polarons, a type of hybridized excitations between magnons and phonons, were first reported in yttrium iron garnet as anomalies in the spin Seebeck effect responses. Here, we report an observation of antiferromagnetic (AFM) magnon polarons in a uniaxial AFM insulator Cr_{2}O_{3}. Despite the relatively higher energy of magnon than that of the acoustic phonons, near the spin-flop transition of ∼6  T, the left-handed magnon spectrum shifts downward to hybridize with the acoustic phonons to form AFM magnon polarons, which can also be probed by the spin Seebeck effect. The spin Seebeck signal is founded to be enhanced due to the magnon polarons at low temperatures.

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