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Theories and Applications of Enhanced Earthquake Back-projection Imaging


Earthquake source imaging is an efficient tool to reveal the kinematic rupture process of earthquakes. The accuracy and robustness of source imaging is of vital importance to con- strain source properties and help discriminate among potential physical mechanisms. In this work, I develop array-based approach: enhanced back-projection and coherence method to provide better constraints on kinematic source imaging.

Slowness correction is proposed to improve the source imaging of complicated rupture in conjugate fault systems. The correction is capable of mitigating 3D structural effects that commonly exist for M8 earthquakes.

For deep earthquakes, I introduce 3D back-projection which provides depth resolution of the rupture front. Resolving ruptures in 3D space helps us to understand the rupture process and physical mechanisms of deep earthquakes. Furthermore, coherence model is established to relate earthquake source size with inter-station cross-correlation. This method creates independent measures to validate and constrain the source sizes of deep earthquakes.

Aforementioned array-based approaches have been successfully applied to recently oc- curred earthquakes, and I will take this chance to revisit the rupture mechanisms of the events revealed by enhanced source imaging

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