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A Bayesian recursive framework for ball-bearing damage classification in rotating machinery

  • Author(s): Mao, Zhu;
  • Todd, Michael D
  • et al.

Extracting damage-sensitive features plays an important role in all structural health monitoring applications, as it determines the metrics on which to base decision-making with regard to operation, maintenance, damage state, and so on. This article adopts the widely employed frequency response function, both its magnitude and phase, as the selected feature source and demonstrates how the damage types and locations are able to be classified by means of Bayesian recursive confidence updating. The features are estimated from the in situ acquired vibration data on a rotating machinery test-bed, and the probabilistic models that quantify feature uncertainty are the likelihood functions in a Bayesian framework, which informs the most plausible decisions based on the collected evidence. The damage classification effort in this article specifically calculates the posterior probability, considering the prior and likelihood of data observations; posterior probabilities are then fed back as prior probabilities in the next iteration as new test data are observed. There are three ball-bearing damage conditions applied to the rotary machine test-bed, and the correct model representing the correct damage types will be selected by the model with the maximum posterior confidence. Classification via posterior probability is shown in this article to outperform traditional likelihood evaluations, and the Bayesian recursive implementation distinguishes all three conditions in this work.

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