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DDR complex facilitates global association of RNA polymerase V to promoters and evolutionarily young transposons.

  • Author(s): Zhong, Xuehua;
  • Hale, Christopher J;
  • Law, Julie A;
  • Johnson, Lianna M;
  • Feng, Suhua;
  • Tu, Andy;
  • Jacobsen, Steven E
  • et al.

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The plant-specific DNA-dependent RNA polymerase V (Pol V) evolved from Pol II to function in an RNA-directed DNA methylation pathway. Here, we have identified targets of Pol V in Arabidopsis thaliana on a genome-wide scale using ChIP-seq of NRPE1, the largest catalytic subunit of Pol V. We found that Pol V is enriched at promoters and evolutionarily recent transposons. This localization pattern is highly correlated with Pol V-dependent DNA methylation and small RNA accumulation. We also show that genome-wide chromatin association of Pol V is dependent on all members of a putative chromatin-remodeling complex termed DDR. Our study presents a genome-wide view of Pol V occupancy and sheds light on the mechanistic basis of Pol V localization. Furthermore, these findings suggest a role for Pol V and RNA-directed DNA methylation in genome surveillance and in responding to genome evolution.

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