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Correlated phases of population imbalanced Fermi-Fermi mixtures on an optical lattice

  • Author(s): Lai, CY
  • Shi, C
  • Tsai, SW
  • et al.

We study a two-species fermion mixture with different populations on a square lattice modeled by a Hubbard Hamiltonian with onsite interspecies repulsive interaction. Such a model can be realized in a cold-atom system with fermionic atoms in two different hyperfine states loaded on an optical lattice and with tunable interspecies interaction strength via external fields. For a two-dimensional square lattice, when at least one of the fermion species is close to half-filling, the system is highly affected by lattice effects. With the majority species near half-filling and varying densities for the minority species, we find that several correlated phases emerge as the ground state, including a spin density wave state, a charge density wave state with stripe structure, and various p-wave BCS pairing states for both species. We study this system using a functional renormalization group method, determine its phase diagram at weak coupling, discuss the origin and characteristics of each phase, and provide estimates for the critical temperatures. © 2013 American Physical Society.

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