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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Surface tension models for a multi-material ALE code with AMR

  • Author(s): Liu, W
  • Koniges, A
  • Gott, K
  • Eder, D
  • Barnard, J
  • Friedman, A
  • Masters, N
  • Fisher, A
  • et al.

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd A number of surface tension models have been implemented in a 3D multi-physics multi-material code, ALE–AMR, which combines Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) hydrodynamics with Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR). ALE–AMR is unique in its ability to model hot radiating plasmas, cold fragmenting solids, and most recently, the deformation of molten material. The surface tension models implemented include a diffuse interface approach with special numerical techniques to remove parasitic flow and a height function approach in conjunction with a volume-fraction interface reconstruction package. These surface tension models are benchmarked with a variety of test problems. Based on the results, the height function approach using volume fractions was chosen to simulate droplet dynamics associated with extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography.

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