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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Large-scale structure of the fast solar wind

  • Author(s): Bisi, M. M.
  • Fallows, R. A.
  • Breen, A. R.
  • Habbal, S. Rifai
  • Jones, R. A.
  • et al.

We present the results of a comprehensive study of the fast solar wind near solar minimum conditions using interplanetary scintillation (IPS) data taken with the EISCAT system in northern Scandinavia, and a recent extremely long baseline observation using both EISCAT and MERLIN systems. The results from IPS observations suggest that the fast wind inside 100 solar radii (R-circle dot) can be represented by a two-mode model in some cases but this distinction is much less clear by in situ distances beyond 1 astronomical unit (215 R-circle dot). Two distinct fast streams are seen in the extremely long baseline IPS observation; comparison of the IPS line of sight with a synoptic map of white light indicates the faster mode overlies the polar crown and the slower fast mode overlies an equatorial extension of the polar coronal hole.

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